- Migraine Canada™ - https://migrainecanada.org -


Nutrition is one aspect of lifestyle that deserves some attention in one’s quest to manage
a migraine [1] disorder.

Migraine is a complex neurobiochemical process – meaning it affects the nervous and
biochemical systems of the body. Food is the fuel that makes our engines run. We can
think about all the cells in the body as the components of the engine. When we do not
have adequate fuel or other things-like fluid levels, our engines will not operate properly.

A person prone to migraine attacks needs to pay extra attention to the daily maintenance
of their engines (their bodies) through their dietary habits and nutritional intake. If
something changes or is added to the engine, it may contribute to a change in the body
chemistry that could contribute to triggering a migraine attack.

Many sources for migraine information have focused on the importance of determining
migraine food triggers. This module focuses on looking at one’s dietary habits and basic
nutrition before looking at specific food triggers. That is, looking at how you eat before
looking at what you eat.

Once you have established healthy eating habits (e.g., regular
meal times) you can then begin to look at the foods you are eating, and make further
healthy changes.

Begin by asking yourself the Nutrition Questions for Self-Reflection, and then read on
about some practical Hints’N’Tips and Additional Resources.

Quick Fact
One study showed that 31% of people with migraine reported specific foods as triggers,
while 43% cited missing a meal as a trigger.

Source: Robbins, L. 1994. Precipitating Factors in Migraine: A Retrospective Review of
494 Patients. Headache. Apr.;34(4),214-216.

Nutrition Questions for Self-Reflection


If you answered NO to most of the questions above, there is a lot you can learn. Click on
the Nutrition and Migraine Hints’n’Tips page to start learning more. You can also visit the
Additional Resources page.

Nutrition Hint’s and Tip’s
The nutritional recommendations for an individual prone to migraines do not differ much
from the basic principles of healthy eating. There are a number of specific foods, as well
as food additives and preservatives that have been reported as potential migraine
triggers,see Migraine Trigger Module. This page will focus on some basic suggestions
for healthy nutrition that a person with migraine should consider.

Begin by examining your dietary habits and intake eat a healthy, well-balanced diet as suggested in Canada’s Food Guide eat regular meals at consistent times each day ,try having a small meal every 4 hours

Planning & Preparation